In October 2015, more than 700 Lumads—the Indigenous Peoples of Mindanao, the southernmost island in the Philippines—gathered in the capital city for a week-long protest against human rights violations in their territories. According to the UN, 14 Lumad leaders and activists were murdered in 2015 alone, with scores more killed in previous years.
Mindanao’s natural resource richness is cited as a key driver of conflicts, and some companies have been implicated, most notably Xstrata. Xstrata merged with Glencore in 2013, and subsequently withdrew from the country. Since then, the violence has continued, and Mindanao remains an extremely high risk place to do business.
Sources: Channel News Asia